Bahasa Inggris II

Task for STAI Students semester II

 Print the file and answer some questions on it. Submitted next meeting. Good luck!

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UNIT 1

Long time ago, ….

(Spoken Narrative)

A. Building Knowledge of Field

A.1. Listening

Activity 1

Fill in the blank with the words you heard

One day when a seven-year old boy and his dog were walking ____(1)  the woods in Kentucky, they came to a ____(2). What the boy wanted to do was to go inside the cave to see what was in it. But what happened _____(3) after he was inside made the boy cry. A very big ____(4) of rock fell from the ____(5)  of the cave, shutting him in.

The dog, that left outside, was unable to help its master. What it could do was only to ___(6) all the time. At last it ran to the nearest house. There it barked until the owner knew that something was wrong. He and some of   his friends followed the dog until it stopped in front  of  the cave. What the men saw was the big stone that ____(7) the mouth of the cave. When they moved it away they were very surprised. What they found inside was a crying boy. The boy was Abraham Lincoln, who later became one of the most _____(8) presidents of the U.S.A..

Answer

  1. _________________
  2. _________________
  3. _________________
  4. _________________
  5. _________________
  6. _________________
  7. _________________
  8. _________________

Activity 2.

Your teacher will read the story once more, then answer these questions.

  1. Who is the main character of the story?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. Where did the story happen?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. When did the story happen?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. What problem faced by the main character?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. Can he solved the problem? How?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. How is the ending of the story, sad or happy ending?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. What kind of story is it?

__________________________________________________________________________

Activity 3.

Here are words taken from the answer of the listening section in activity 1. Use them to complete the sentences.

            Famous             shut                  trough               roof

Suddenly           bark                  cave                 piece

1. The little dog always _____________to every person who comes to Mr. Wuryanto’s house.

2. The boy scouts are passing the river ___________ a shallow path.

3. If  you want to write a letter, you must prepare a ___________ of paper first.

4. Jaka Tarub is one of the ________ folktales in Java.

5. I was walking along the road when ___________the accident occurred.

6. If you want to explore the ________ you must prepare a light and rope.

7. When you have finished using my computer, you must ________it down.

8. The rainy season comes, some people in my village fix the _______of their house to prevent it from

leaking.

Activity 4.

Since grade  X,  you have heard and read many kind of stories, right? So to warm up your mind, match the kind of the story and its main characters.

Answer No. Kinds of stories No. Main Character(s)
______ 1. Fable A. Pinocchio
______ 2. Fairy tales B. Tangkuban Perahu
______ 3. Legend C. The mouse deer and The crocodiles
______ 4. Myth D. Nyi Roro kidul
______ 5. Folktales E. Jaka Tarub

A.2. Grammar Focus

A.2.1. Reviewing Simple Past, Past Continuous and Past Perfect.

We found these sentence in the story above:

One day when a seven-year old boy and his dog were walking trough the woods in Kentucky,

they came to a cave

There are three kinds of tenses found on the sentences; came presented simple pastwere walking  presented past continuous. Let’s learn  summary.

No. Name of tense Pattern Time references
1. Past Tense a. Verb pattern(+) S + V2

(-)  S + did not + V1

(?) Did + S + V1 ?

b. Be pattern

(+) S + was/were + Noun/Ajd/Adv

(-)  S + was/were not  + Noun /adj/adv

(?) Was/were + S + Noun/adj/adv ?

YesterdayLast…..

……ago

this morning

in…….(past years)

2. Past Continuous a. Verb pattern(+) S + was/were + Ving + …..

(-)  S + was/were not + Ving + ….

(?) Was/were + S + Ving + …. ?

b. Be pattern

(+) S + was/were + Noun/Ajd/Adv

(-)  S + was/were not  + Noun /adj/adv

(?) Was/were + S + Noun/adj/adv ?

While S + was/were + V-ingAs      S + was/were + V-ing

When S + V2

3. Past Perfect Tense a. Verb pattern(+) S + had V3 + …

(-)  S + had not + V3 + …

(?) Had + S + V3 ?

b. Be pattern

(+) S + had been + Noun/Ajd/Adv

(-)  S + had not been  + Noun /adj/adv

(?) Had + S + been + Noun/adj/adv ?

Before S + V2When   S + V

After ………. , S + V

No. Name of tense Verb pattern Be pattern
1. Past Tense (+) Ria wrotethe letter yesterday.(-) Ria didn’t write the letter yesterday.

(?) Did Ria write this letter yesterday?

(+) Ria was strong(-) Ria  wasn’t strong

(?) Was Ria strong ?

2. Past Continuous (+) Ria was writinga letter when …(-) Ria wasn’t writing a letter when …

(?) Was Ria writing letter when …?

(+) They  were strong(-) They weren’t  strong

(?) Were they  strong ?

3. Past Perfect Tense (+) Ria had writtenthe letter(-) Ria hadn’t written  the letter

(?) had Ria written  this letter ?

(+) Ria had been here(-) Ria  hadn’t been here

(?) Had  Ria been here ?

Activity 4

Put the verbs in the bracket into the correct form (past tense, past continuous or past perfect)

Example :

Example            : Budi …….(fly) to Pontianak this morning

Budi flew to Pontianak this morning

  1. When the security officers arrived at the office, the robber……………(steal) all the money.

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Shinta …….(ride) to school by her bicycle  this morning ?.

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Susi……(jump) so high at this athletic competition last week.

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. After Budi ………(not, meet) his parents, he went to the school yard. They usually picked him up there

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. You ….(go out) when I called you last night?

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Aprillia ……(not, finish ) watering the flowers in the garden when I came home.

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Artika …….(write) his application before he sent to the office.

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Alia……(drive) his new car to school this morning.

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Kareen   and I ………(practise )   sport in the school yard while Andi was jogging.

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. After Budi  ………..(get) his Diploma degree, he would apply for the army

____________________________________________________________________________

A.2.2. Reported Speech

1. Snow White said, “ My uncle wants to go to America now”.

2. Snow White said that her uncle wanted to go to America then.

The first sentence is a direct speech while the second one is reported speech.   How to change them  into the indirect one. Here are the rules.

A. Indirect speech Affirmative (Pernyataan Tidak Langsung)

To change a direct sentence into indirect one, there are some basic changes that must be considered.

  1. Changes of Tenses

The tense of the direct sentence changes if the reporting verb of the direct tense is in the past form, the tenses in the indirect speech change

 

Direct Speech

Indirect speech

1. Simple present tense Simple past tense
Ira said, “ I like the show” Ira said that she liked the show
2. Simple future tense Past future tense
Ira said, “ I will go to Solo” Ira said that she would go to Solo
3. Present perfect tense Past perfect tense
Ira said, “ I have finished my work” Ira said that she had finished her work
4. Simple past tense Past  perfect tense
Ira said, “ I went out with my father” Ira said that she  had gone out with her father

      Note: If the reporting verb doesn’t not in past form so the indirect speech tense doesn’t

                change

Example:  Maria says, “  I will cook fried chicken tonight”.

Maria says that she will cook fried chicken the following night 

2. Changes of Pronouns

 

Direct Speech

Indirect speech

1. Simple present tense Simple past tense
Ira said, “ I like the show” Ira said that she liked the show
2. Present perfect tense Past perfect tense
Ira said, “ I have finished my work” Ira said that she had finished her work

3. Changes in the adverb of times

In direct speech

In Indirect speech

  1. Now
  2. next (month)
  3. tomorrow
  4. last (week)
  5. yesterday
  6. today
  7. tonight
  8. an hour ago
  9. three hours ago
  10. then /at that time
  11. the following (month)
  12. The following day
  13. The previous (week)
  14. The previous day
  15. That day
  16. That night
  17. The previous hour
  18. Three hours before

Examples:

Doni said , “ My father will  spend his  holiday in Langkawi Island next week

Doni said that his father would spend his holiday in Langkawi Island the following week.

Rina said, “ I came to Slank concert last week

Rina said that she  had come to Slank concert the previous week.

B. Indirect speech Interrogative  (Pertanyaan Tidak Langsung)

To change a direct sentence into indirect one, there are some basic changes that must be considered.

  1. See the complete explanation in previous page

    Changes of Tenses

2.    Changes of Pronouns

3.    Changes in the adverb of times

4.    Changes of sentenced format (as in interrogative  form)

There are two formats in making interrogative indirect speech.

  1. Yes/no question (kalimat tanya yang bisa di jawa dengan Yes atau No). For this form we must add conjunction “If” or ” Whether”  and change the interrogative form into affirmative one.

No.

Direct speech

Indirect speech

1. Dani asked me, “Do you know me Dani asked me if I knew him.
2. Dany asked me, “Are you ill” Dani asked me if I were ill
3. Dany asked me, “Can you help me Dani asked me whether I could help him
  1. Pronominal question ( kalimat tanya yang mengunakan kata tanya – Wh-questions)

For this form we use the Wh question as conjunction then  we change the interrogative form into affirmative one.

No.

Direct speech

Indirect speech

1. Dani asked me, “Where do you live Dani asked me where I  lived
2. Dany asked me, “Who is he Dani asked me Who he was
3. Dany asked me, “When will you arrive Dani asked me when I would arrive
4. Dany asked me, “Why did Ani go out Dani asked me why Ani went out
5. Dany asked me, “How old are you” Dani asked me How old I was
  1. Indirect speech imperative and prohibition (Perintah dan larangan tidak langsung)

To form imperative and prohibition in indirect speech please study the following explanation.

  1. Imperative indirect speech

Reporting sentence to V1

Example:  He said, Open the door, please”         She said, “ Be careful on the way.”

He asked me to open the door          She asked me to be careful on the way

 

  1. Prohibition indirect speech

Reporting sentence not to V1

                

Example: He said, “ Don’t open the door,?”        She said, “ Don’t be naughty, boys?”

He asked me not to open the door     She asked the students not to be naughty

Activity 5.

Change these sentences and questions into  Reported Speech.

1. Ari said, “ Marry is picking some flowers now”

Ari said _________________________________________________________________

2. Budi said to me, “  I drove my car very fast last night”

Budi said to me __________________________________________________________

3. Aci told them, It will be a wonderful trip”

Aci told them ____________________________________________________________

4. Ari asked me, “ Did Ida go to the party last night?”

Ari asked me _____________________________________________________________

5. John asked me, “ Why do they go abroad so often?”

John asked me ___________________________________________________________

6. My teacher told me , “ Don’t put  your book on my table”

My teacher told me ________________________________________________________

7. Father ordered me,  “ Switch off the television”

Father ordered me _________________________________________________________

8. Joko asked me, “ Can you tell me what the time is?

Joko asked me ____________________________________________________________

A.3. Speech Function

A.3.1 Expressing regret

Activity 6.

Look at the picture and answer the questions

  1. The daughter is coming late. What does she say to express his regret?

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. How does the father respond her?

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Does it mean that he accepts the apology?

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Mention other expressions of regret.

_____________________________________________________________________________

  1. Mention other expressions of accepting an apology.

_____________________________________________________________________________

Activity 7.

Learn these expressions!

Activity 8.

Work in pairs.! Write  dialogue based on the following situation!.

Example:

You are painting your home fence. Unfortunately, you spill a can of paint to your brother’s clothes. You ask him apology.

You                  : Oops! I’m extremely sorry for spilling your clothes with this paint!

Your bro           : Don’t worry about that. I’m OK.

You                  : I promise I’ll wash them then

Your bro           : Thank you very much!

  1. You and your family are having dinner in a well-known restaurant. The waiter drops the soup on your clothes. He asks your pardon.

Waiter         : ____________________________________________________________________

You                        : ____________________________________________________________________

Waiter         : ____________________________________________________________________

You                        : ____________________________________________________________________

  1. You lose your friend camera. You beg his pardon

You                        : ____________________________________________________________________

Your friend  : ____________________________________________________________________

You                        : ____________________________________________________________________

Your friend  : ____________________________________________________________________

  1.  You attend  an English class. The class is very noisy. You can not hear teacher’s explanation.

You ask  your teacher to repeat his speech.

You                        : ____________________________________________________________________

Your teacher: ____________________________________________________________________

You                        : ____________________________________________________________________

Your teacher: ____________________________________________________________________

  1. You are walking in the sidewalk. Someone bump you. All of your books dropped .He apologizes to you

You                        : ____________________________________________________________________

Someone    : ____________________________________________________________________

You                        : ____________________________________________________________________

Someone    : ____________________________________________________________________

B. Modelling of Text

Activity 9.

Read this story. Don’t forget the understand the generic structure and language features of this Narrative story.

Title:

Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves

Language Features
Orientation-          who

–          where

–          when

Ali Baba, a poor woodcutter, happened to see and overheard a large band of thieves – forty in all – visiting their treasure store in the forest where he was cutting wood. The thieves’ treasure was in a cave, the mouth of which was sealed by magic – it opened on the words “Open, Sesame”, and sealed itself on the words “Close, Sesame”. When the thieves were gone, Ali Baba entered the cave himself, and took some of the treasure home. 1. Simple past tense

–   happened, overheard

2. Action verbs

– cutting, opened, sealed

3. Linking verbs

– was, were

4. Connectives of time

– when

Complication 1A Crisis arises When Ali Baba’s rich brother, Kasim, found out about his brother’s unexpected wealth, Ali Baba told Kasim about the cave. Kasim went to the cave to take more of the treasure, but forgot the magic words to get back out of the cave, and the thieves found him there, and killed him. When his brother did not come back, Ali Baba went to the cave to look for him, and found the body, bringing it home
Resolution 1The crisis is resolved With the help of Morgiana, a clever slave-girl in Kasim’s household, they were able to give Kasim a proper burial without arousing any suspicions about his death.
Complication 2A Crisis arises The thieves, finding the body gone, realize that somebody else must know their secret, and set out to track him down. The first several times they were foiled by Morgiana, who was now a member of Ali Baba’s household, but eventually they were able to ascertain the location of Ali Baba’s house.The lead thief pretended to be an oil merchant in need of Ali Baba’s hospitality, bringing with him mules loaded with 40 oil jars, one filled with oil, the other 39 with the other thieves. Once Ali Baba was asleep, the thieves planed to kill him.
Resolution 2The crisis is resolved Again, Morgiana discovered and foiled the plan, killing the 39 thieves in their oil jars by pouring boiling oil on them. When their leader came to rouse his men, he discovered that they were dead, and escaped.
Complication 3 The lead thief, disguised as a merchant, befriended  Ali Baba’s nephew (who is now in charge of the late Kasim’s business), and was invited to dinner at Ali Baba’s house.
Resolution 3 He was recognised by Morgiana, who performed a dance with a dagger for the dinners and plunged it into the heart of the thief when was off his guard.
Re-orientation Thus, the story ended happily for everyone except the forty thieves and Ali Baba’s brother.

(taken from: http://www.  wikipedia. Org/fairytales)

Activity 10. Understanding the text structure.

Answer the following questions

  1. What does the writer want with the story?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. In which part does  the writer identify the main character of the story?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. In which part does the writer identify the time and place where the story happened?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. Who are the characters in this story?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. Who is the main character?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. When did  the story happen?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. Where did this story take place?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. What do you learn from the complication?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. What do you learn from the resolution?

___________________________________________________________________________

  1. What moral do you learn from this story?

___________________________________________________________________________

Activity 11. Understanding the content of the story

Answer these questions.

  1. Who was Ali Baba?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. What did he usually do everyday in the woods?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. What did he find in the cave?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. How to open and close the cave?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. Why did Kasim die?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. How did the leader of the thieves effort to kill Ali Baba?

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. How did Morgiana foil the thieves’s plan?

_______________________________________________________________________

Activity 12.

Study the following summary.

C. Joint Construction of Text.

Activity  13.                  

Work in group of three or four students. Re-arrange the following sentences into a meaningful paragraph.

Answer No.

The Beauty and The Beast

{_____} A. Beauty hurried back and saw the Beast dying. She began to cry. Tears fell onto the Beast. Suddenly, the Beast changed into handsome prince.
{_____} B. One day, through the Beast’s magic mirror, Beauty saw that her father was sick.
{_____} C. Beauty and the Beast got married and lived happily ever after.
{_____} D. The Beast allowed her to go home. Her father was happy to see her.
{_____} E. One day, her father set out for the city. He saw an old castle and went in. No-one was in but there was food on the table. Then he walked around the castle. He picked a rose from garden for Beauty. Suddenly an angry Beast appeared. He wanted to kill Beauty’s father unless Beauty was brought to him.
{_____} F. One night, Beauty had a dream. A fairly told her that the Beast was sick.
{_____} G. Once upon a time, there was a girl named Beauty. She lived with her father and her sisters in a small village. Beauty was a beautiful girl. She was also hardworking. She always helped her father on the farm.
{_____} H. Beauty’s father told her daughters what had happened. Beauty’s sisters ordered her to see the Beast. Beauty went to see the Beast and had to stay at the castle. She felt scared, lonely and sad. She tried to run away but was stopped by the Beast. The Beast treated Beauty well. Soon, Beauty began to like the Beast.

Activity 14.

Finishing rearrange the story above , Put the story in this chart. pay attention to the generic structure of the narrative

Title

………………………………….

Orientation …………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

Complication ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

Resolution ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

………

D. Independent Construction of text

Activity 15.

Now, it is time for you to write your own narrative

q  Choose a very well known tale, myth, fable or fairy tale in your town

q  Make a raw draft first

q  Use the generic structure of Narrative

q  Consult your teacher before developing  your draft  into final one.

q  Finishing writing the final draft, perform it in front of the class.

Example:

The Golden Swan

There was once a mighty  hunter who lived in Laos. He was a good husband and a kind father, and he looked after his family well. In fact, he  was such a good hunter that  people called him  the Chief Hunter. People knew that  he was a very lucky man.

            Everything about the Chief hunter’s life was fortunate. His children always had food. His wife could trade the birds and animals he caught for the best rice in the village. They had the best cloth to make their clothing. Life was rich and happy for the Chief Hunter’s family.

            Then one day the Chief Hunter hurt himself while  he was hunting . He came home to his wife , and She said, “ What’s wrong? Your face is pale, and you are moving so slowly. What happened?”.

            “I don’t know,” the Chief Hunter said wearily, “ I feel very sick . Let me lie down.” So he took to his bed, and his family nursed him devotedly and watched him with great care.

            At first the Chief Hunter seemed to get better, but then he slipped back. He died a week later.

            His widow grieved terribly. She missed her husband, and she did not know how to live without him. The family became poor, and it was difficult to find enough food to eat. The children often cried when they went to sleep because they were hungry. The Widow could not sleep because of her worries and sadness.

            One night, as the poor widow was sleeping restlessly, she heard her husband’s voice. “ I have come back to help you,” the  voice said.

            The Widow sat up and looked around. She knew she was dreaming, and in her dream she went outside.  A large swan spoke to her with the Chief Hunter’s voice.

            “ I know how hard it is for you, “ the Swan said in Chief Hunter’s voice.

            The Widow was happy to hear her husband’s voice, yet sad because she knew it was a dream.

            The words stuck her throat so she could not speak. The swan stood in the moonlight and said, “ I wish I could be here with you.” Then it came closer. She could she that many of its feathers were made of gold. In the moonlight it seemed to be a golden swan.

            The golden swan said, “ Put your hand out and take one of my golden feathers. Use the money for yourself and the children. Go on, I will return  whenever you need more. Pull a feather out of my wing.”

            The Golden Swan said in the voice of the Chief Hunter, “ Go to sleep now. In the morning you will know this was  a special dream.” So the Widow put the feather beside her bed and went back to sleep. She slept so well and so deeply it was as if her husband were still alive.

            When she woke up, she remembered the dream and looked for the golden feather. There in its place was money and gold. The woman was very happy and later she went to the village and bought food and clothing. She was careful not to spend to much.

            Hence, every time the Widow was lack of money, the Golden Swan came and gave his golden feathers. The Widow and her children were no more lack of money.

Taken and adapted from English Teaching Forum, 1995.

Your story telling:

Good morning class. This morning. I’ll tell you a folktale from Laos. Who knows where Laos is? ……Yes. Good. Laos  closes to Vietnam. Here is my story. Long ago ……………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kelas /Semester            : XII/1
Standar Kompetensi  :  1.  Berkomunikasi  lisan dan tertulis menggunakan ragam bahasa yang sesuai dengan lancar dan akurat dalam wacana interaksional dan/atau monolog terutama berkenaan dengan wacana  wacana berbentuk narrative, explanation, discussion, commentary dan review.

Kompetensi Dasar

Indikator

Materi pokok

A. Menyimak

Memahami wacana transaksional dan interpersonal ringan atau monolog lisan terutama berbentuk naratif

B. Berbicara

Mengungkapkan nuansa makna dalam wacana transaksional dan atau  monolog lisan terutama dalam wacana berbentuk naratif

C. Membaca

Memahami nuansa makna dan langkah – langkah  pengembangan retorika   dalam teks tertulis berbentuk naratif

D. Menulis

Mengungkapkan nuansa makna dengan langkah-langkah pengembangan  retorika yang benar didalam  teks tertulis berbentuk naratif

q Merespondengan benar tindak tutur di dalam wacana  transaksional/ interpersonal berupa:-          Menyatakan pengaduan

q Merespon wacana monolog naratif

q Melakukan  berbagai tindak tutur dalam wacana lisan transaksional berupa:

–          Menyatakan pengaduan

q Melakukan monolog berbentuk naratif

q Merespon teks  berbentuk Narrative

q Mengidentifikasi pengorganisasian text naratif

q Mengidentifikasi susunan kalimat dalam text naratif

– Conditional Sentence

– Subjunctives

q Mendemonstrasikan   ketrampilan dasar menulis:yaitu menggunakan tata bahasa, kosa kata, tanda baca, ejean dan tata tulis yang berterima terutama jenis teks berbentuk naratif

 

I am complain about…

A Fly and A bull

You promise to fix my.. but …

The Emperor’s New Clothes

The Emperor’s New Clothes

Orientation, Complication, resolution

If Ali Baba were here

I wish you came

Editing checklist of the writing

UNIT 2

Let’s Write a Story, ….

(Written  Narrative)

A. Building Knowledge of Field

A.1. Listening

Activity 1.

Fill in the blank with the words you heard from your teacher.

The Fly and The Bull

……..(1), there was  a little fly that thought he was very important. He always acts as if he were the most important animal in the forest. One sunny morning, he ……(2) around  looking for someone  to talk to. He saw a bull ……(3)  in a field. He decided to fly down to talk to him.

The little fly  flew down and …….(4) around the bull’s head. The bull did not bother with him . He went on chewing grass. The fly then buzzed right ……(5) the bull’s ear. The bull continued chewing grass.

Now the fly decided to land on one of the bull’s ……(6) to make the bull notice him. He waited for the bull to say something, but the bull kept quiet.

The fly then shouted ……(7), “ Oh bull, if you find that I am too heavy for you, let me know and I’ll fly …….(8).”

The bull laughed and said, “ Little fly, I don’t care if you stay or leave. You are so ……(9) that your weight does not make any ………(10) to me, so please be quiet and leave me alone.”.

(Adapted from : Look Ahead 1, 2005, 134)

Answer:

  1. _________________
  2. _________________
  3. _________________
  4. _________________
  5. _________________
  6. _________________
  7. _________________
  8. _________________

Activity 2.

Your teacher will read the story once more, then answer these questions.

  1. Who is the main character of the story?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. Where did the story happen?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. When did the story happen?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. What did the fly want to show to the bull?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. How did the fly attract to bull’s attention ?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. How was the Bull opinion about the fly?

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. What kind of story is it?

__________________________________________________________________________

Activity 3.

Use the words above to complete these sentences.

1.   I saw  a folk of deer are ___________ in Bogor garden

2.   A Pea is a __________ creature. It is smell and suck our blood.

3.    _______,the teacher orders the  naughty students to go out of the class.

4.   The craftsman is making a souvenirs from the Buffalo’s ___________

  1. I saw some Pelican Birds ___________to South yesterday.
  2. If you want to see the fable book. It is laid ___________the cupboard.
  3. Folktales are ____________ from Fable.
  4. When I was sleeping I was annoyed with the fly that _______around my head.

Activity 4.

Make your own  sentence based on the following words.

1. Fly    : _________________________________________________________________________

2. Bull   : _________________________________________________________________________

3. chew : _________________________________________________________________________

4. quiet : _________________________________________________________________________

5. weight: _________________________________________________________________________

A.2. Grammar Focus

A.2.1. Conditional sentences

From the text we have this sentence:

“ Oh bull, if you find that I am too heavy for you, let me know and I’ll fly away.”

The sentence above uses a conditional pattern. The patterns are as the following.

1. Sentences patterns

No Type If Clause Main clause Examples
1. Future conditional If Present Tenseü S + V1(S/es)

ü S + is/am/are

Future Tenseü S + Shall/will + V1

ü S + shall/will be

ü If Dani eats a lot he will get fat.

ü If  you are happy we will be happy too.

2. Present Conditional If Past Tenseü S + V2

ü S + were

Past Futureü S + Would + V1

ü S + would be

could

might

should

ü If Dani ate a lot he would get fat.

ü If You were happy we would be happy too.

3. Past Conditional If  Past Perfectü S + had V3

ü S + had been

Past Future Perfectü S + would have V3

ü S+ would have been

could

should

might

ü If Dani had eaten a lot he would have got fat

ü If You had been happy we would have been happy too.

Activity 5.

Put the verbs in the bracket into the correct form of conditional

Example : If Mr. John  … (be) here  I would meet him.

If Mr. John were here I would meet him.

1. If you … (not, go) I shall be angry.

____________________________________________________________________________

2. If he studies hard he … (get)  good mark.

____________________________________________________________________________

3. If it rained I …. (cancel) our trip.

____________________________________________________________________________

4. If Amir had come his mother … (be) very happy

____________________________________________________________________________

5. I would accept this job if I … (be) you.

____________________________________________________________________________

6. My mother would have cooked the chick if you …(not, let) it go out.

____________________________________________________________________________

7. If Sinta … (be) smart she will be accepted at the prestigious school.

____________________________________________________________________________

8. If Mr. Hanson had not arrived you …(can, take) over this meeting.

____________________________________________________________________________

2. Finding the facts from conditionals

Secara umum hanya tipe 2 dan 3 yang  memiliki fakta sedangkan tipe 1 mengandung makna

kemungkinan ( bisa terjadi /tidak)

No. Tipe Conditional fakta
1. Tipe 1.Future conditional If I have much money I will buy a new car There is possibility for me to buy a new car
2. Tipe 2.Present conditional If I had much money I would buy a new car I don’t have much money so I will not (can not ) buy a new car.
3. Tipe 3.Past conditional If I had had much money I would have bought a new car I didn’t have much money so I would not buy a new car.

Activity 6.

Example : If you went to Solo I would follow you.

Means: You don’t go to solo so I will not follow you

I will not follow you because you don’t go to Solo

1.  If it rained today I would not go to school.

____________________________________________________________________________

2. If I had come earlier I could have met Tony

____________________________________________________________________________

3. If I had got up early I should not have come late to school.

____________________________________________________________________________

4. If Rudi   were healthy I would ask him to play tennis with me

____________________________________________________________________________

5. If Rina is clever enough The university of Indonesia will admit her as its student.

____________________________________________________________________________

A.2.2. Subjunctives

From the text “The Fly and The Bull ” We got this sentence:

1.  He always acts as if he were the most important animal in the forest.

The sentence above  contain the meaning of unreal past. It is called subjunctive pattern.

A. Subjunctive Pattern

1.  Present Pattern Adverb of time Examples
…wish

…if only                          V2

…would rather       S + ____  + C

…as if                          were

…as though

Now

Today

At present

At this moment

I wish you werehere todayIf only you were here today

I would rather you were here today

Mr. John walks as if he were drunk

Mr. John walks as though he were drunk

2. Past Pattern Adverb of time Examples
…wish

…if only                        had V3

…would rather       S + ____  + C

…as if                          had been

…as though

YesterdayThis morning

Last …..

……. ago

I wished  you had comeyesterdayIf only Dina had been here last night

I would rather Dina had arrived

I ran fast as if I had chased a thief

I talked to Rina as though I had known much  about her

Activity 7.

Supply a suitable tense of the verbs in the bracket.

1. If only he (not drink) so much wine yesterday.

________________________________________________________________________

2. Mr. John is poor. But he acts as if he (be) a rich man.

________________________________________________________________________

3. My sister couldn’t  sing well. However, she often pretended as though she (be ) a diva.

________________________________________________________________________

4. The hunter wished he (catch) a lot of deer. But  none he got.

________________________________________________________________________

5.  Rina wishes  I (attend) her party last night.

________________________________________________________________________

6. The sky is so cloudy. I wish you (go) now.

________________________________________________________________________

7. If only I (know) her address. I will send her a letter.

________________________________________________________________________

8. My father would rather I (stay) at home today.

________________________________________________________________________

B. Finding the meaning of subjunctives.

1. Present Subjunctive Meaning Examples
> S + were + …S + were + not + …

> S + V2

S + did not + V1+ …

> S + could + V1+ …

S + Could not + V1+ ..

> S + is,am,are not + …S+ is, am,are+ …

> S+do/does not+ V1 + …

S+ V1/s,es

> S+ cannot + V1+ …

S + can + V1+ …

I wish Rina werehere nowFact : Rina is not here now

If only Rina came to my house

Fact : Rina doesn’t come to my house

Bertentangan dengan fakta present

2. Past Subjunctive Meaning Examples
> S + had been + …S + had not been+ …

> S+ had + V3 + ….

S + had not + V3 + …

> S + could+have+V3+ ..

S + could not +have+V3

> S+ was/were+ not + …S+ was/were + …

> S+ did + not+ V1

S+ V2

> S + could +not+ V1+ ..

S+ could + V1+ …

I wished Rina had been here last night.Fact : Rina was not here last night.

If only Rina had come last night.

Fact : Rina didn’t come last night.

Bertentangan dengan fakta past time

Activity 8.

Find out the meaning of these subjunctives.

1. She goes to the black board as if she knew to solve the problem.

It means that _________________________________________________________________

2. Ani  talked as if she had understood  the problem well.

It means that _________________________________________________________________

3. If only his son had studied harder.

It means that _________________________________________________________________

4.  I wish I hadn’t been late.

It means that _________________________________________________________________

5. They wish they had enough time to play together.

It means that _________________________________________________________________

A. 3. Speech Function

A.3.1. Complaining.

Activity 9

Study the dialogue on the picture, then answer the questions.

1. Guess!. Where are they?

________________________________________________________________________

2. What are they?

________________________________________________________________________

3. What are they talking about?

________________________________________________________________________

4. Why did the customer come to the hotel officer ?

________________________________________________________________________

5. What did the customer say to the hotel officer?

________________________________________________________________________

6. Give the other expressions to say complaining

________________________________________________________________________

Activity 10.

Learn these expressions!

Activity 11.

Work in pairs.! Write  dialogue based on the following situation!.

1. You bought a new shirt. You asked the shop attendant to wrap it. But, when you open it at home.

It was not the shirt that you bought. It was an old one. You went back to the shop and complain about

It.

You              : __________________________________________________________________

The attendant: __________________________________________________________________

You             : __________________________________________________________________

The attendant: __________________________________________________________________

2. You are watching a movie  in a theatre. The movie is a horror one. But a couple next to you always

talking al the time. It bothers you. You complain them to stop talking.

You              : __________________________________________________________________

The man        : __________________________________________________________________

You             : __________________________________________________________________

The girls       : __________________________________________________________________

3. You are in a well-known restaurant. You order the most expensive meal. But when it serves, it is

spoiled already. You complain to the waiter.

You              : __________________________________________________________________

The waiter     : __________________________________________________________________

You             : __________________________________________________________________

The waiter    : __________________________________________________________________

Activity 12.

Perform the dialogue you made in front of the class!.

B. Modelling Text

Activity 13.

q  Read the text loudly

The Emperor’s New Clothes

       Many years ago there lived an emperor who cared only about his clothes and about showing them off. One day he heard from two swindlers that they could make the finest suit of clothes from the most beautiful cloth. This cloth, they said, also had the special capability that it was invisible to anyone who was either stupid or not fit for his position.Being a bit nervous about whether he himself would be able to see the cloth, the emperor first sent two of his trusted men to see it. Of course, neither would admit that they could not see the cloth and so praised it. All the townspeople had also heard of the cloth and were interested to learn how stupid their neighbors were.

The emperor then allowed himself to be dressed in the clothes for a procession through town, never admitting that he was too unfit and stupid to see what he was wearing. For he was afraid that the other people would think that he was stupid.

Of course, all the townspeople wildly praised the magnificent clothes of the emperor, afraid to admit that they could not see them, until a small child said:

      “But he has nothing on“!

This was whispered from person to person until everyone in the crowd was shouting that the emperor had nothing on. The emperor heard it and felt that they were correct, but held his head high and finished the procession.

(taken from . www. Wikipedia. Org. / fairy tales)

Activity 14.

Answer the following questions

1. What does the writer want with the story?

___________________________________________________________________________

2. What was the Emperor crazy with ?.

___________________________________________________________________________

3. From whom the emperor heard about the finest and the most beautiful clothes?

___________________________________________________________________________

4. What was the special capability of the clothes ?

___________________________________________________________________________

5. How did the Emperor show off his new clothes?

___________________________________________________________________________

6. What did the people do when they see their emperor?

___________________________________________________________________________

7. Who was dare to say that the Emperor had nothing to wear on his body?

___________________________________________________________________________

8. What did the emperor do when he knew about it?

___________________________________________________________________________

9. What moral do you learn from this story?

___________________________________________________________________________

10. The emperor heard it and felt that they were correct… (Last Prg, stc 2). The word “it” refers to… .

___________________________________________________________________________

Activity  15. Identifying the language features

Find out the action verbs, saying verbs, thinking verbs, feeling verbs, time conjunctions and connectives and relational processes (if any)in the passage. Then write down  in the chart below.

No. Action verbs Saying verbs Thinking verbs Feeling verbs Time conjunction and connectives Relational processes

C. Joint Construction of Text

Activity 16.

> Make a group of four

> Read the  story once again. Put every part of the story  in its text structure.

Title: ___________________________________________________
Orientation ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

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Complication ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

Resolution ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

D. Independent Construction of Text

Activity 17. Writing a Narrative

q  Write your own narrative (factual or imaginary)

q  Get your friend to read your first draft then revise it.

q  Submit your revised first draft to your teacher and then revise your second draft

q  Use the checklist below to control your draft.

No. Yes No
Structure
A. Have I written about…. 1. The characters of the story?

Ö

2. The time when the story took place?
3. The place where the story took place?
4. The problem(s) faced by the character(s)?
5. The way out of the problem(s) faced by the

character(s)?    6. The ending of the story?   Language features   B.Did I use….1. The first person?    2. The past tenses ?    3. Active verbs (e.g. action verbs, thinking verbs…) ?    4. Conjunction or linking verbs?    5. adjectives and adverbs?

Uji Kompetensi 1

A. Choose the correct answer by crossing a,b,c,d or e.

Text 1.

The Emperor’s New Clothes

Many years ago there lived an emperor who cared only about his clothes and about showing them off. One day he heard from two swindlers that they could make the finest suit of clothes from the most beautiful cloth. This cloth, they said, also had the special capability that it was invisible to anyone who was either stupid or not fit for his position.

Being a bit nervous about whether he himself would be able to see the cloth, the emperor first sent two of his trusted men to see it. Of course, neither would admit that they could not see the cloth and so praised it. All the townspeople had also heard of the cloth and were interested to learn how stupid their neighbors were.

The emperor then allowed himself to be dressed in the clothes for a procession through town, never admitting that he was too unfit and stupid to see what he was wearing. For he was afraid that the other people would think that he was stupid.

Of course, all the townspeople wildly praised the magnificent clothes of the emperor, afraid to admit that they could not see them, until a small child said:

      “But he has nothing on“!

This was whispered from person to person until everyone in the crowd was shouting that the emperor had nothing on. The emperor heard it and felt that they were correct, but held his head high and finished the procession.

01. Nia  : Who told the Emperor that they could make the finest suit clothes?

Ani  : … .

a. his trusted men                            c. two swindlers                         e. neighbours

b. the Emperor himself                     d. a small child

02.  Nia : To whom the clothes are invisible ?

Ani : … .

  1. To two swindlers                        c. to the other people                 e. from person to person
  2. To anyone who are clever          d. to anyone who was either stupid or not fit for his position

03. Nia  : How did the Emperor show off his new clothes?

Ani  : … .

  1. in a procession trough town        c. from village to village              e. in  a ball party
  2. in his palace                              d. in a parade

04. “…afraid to admit that they could not see them, until .. (prg 4). The bold typed word refers to… .

  1. the two swindlers                       c. small children                                    e. all the town people
  2. the Emperor’s trusted men         d. the crowd

05. Nia  :      “But he has nothing on“! . This sentence means that the Emperor… .

Ani : …

  1. wears a new clothes                   c. has no clothes on his body    e. has all of his clothes in his body
  2. wears his magnificent clothes     d. wears the invisible clothes

06. This cloth, they said, also had the special capability that it was invisible to anyone who was either stupid

or not fit for his position. The closest meaning of the underlined word is … .

  1. out of eye                                  c. out of date                            e. out of ears
  2. out of sight                                d. out of time

Text 2.

A Bat and The Weasels

       One evening, a bat went out to hunt for food even though he was not well. As he flew after  some insects, he felt dizzy and fell to the ground in a field.
       Before he could get up, a weasel pounced on him. “Please, Mr. Weasel,” the bat pleaded,” please let me go!”. The weasel just laughed, “Certainly not! I am a great hunter of birds!”
       Thinking quickly, the bat replied,” Oh, but I am not a bird, I am a mouse. Look closely at my face. Don’t I look like a mouse?”. The weasel agreed and let him go.
       A short time later, the bat fell to the ground again and was caught by a second weasel. Once again, he had to plead for his life. “Why shouldn’t I kill you? I hunt mice! Exclaimed the weasel.
       “Oh, but I am not a mouse,” he answered. “ I am a bat. Have you ever a mouse with wings?” he asked, spreading his wings for the weasel to see. The weasel was  convinced and set him free.

07. Ani  : What did the bat went out for?

Nia  : It came out … .

  1. to hunt for food.                          c. to fly its prey                          e. to meet the weasel
  2. To sight seeing                           d. to fall down to the ground

08.  Ani : Where did it fall down.

Nia : It fell down … .

  1. in a forest                                    c. in a jungle                              e. in a field
  2. in a rice field                                d. in the garden

09. Ani  : What did the first weasel think about the bat?

Nia : It think that the bat like a … .

  1. bird                                           c. a bat                                     e. weasel
  2. mouse                                       d. a wing

10. Ani  : What did the second  weasel think about the bat?

Nia : It think that the bat like a … .

  1. bird                                           c. a bat                                     e. weasel
  2. mouse                                       d. a wing

11. Ani  : What kind of narrative is the text?

Nia : It belongs to … . text.

  1. legend                                        c. fairy tales                              e . fable
  2. folktales                                     d. anecdote

12. Dina            : What did you do last night when I called you?

Anita            : I ….a folklore

  1. compose                                    c. composes                              e. composing
  2. composed                                   d. to compose

13. Ani  : When I called you last night , no one answered my phone. Where did you go?

Nia : Oh I …  a bath in the bathroom when you phoned me .

  1. took                                          c. was taking                             e. takes
  2. is taking                                    d. were taking

14. Ani  : You finished your composition. I didn’t see you wrote it. When did you finish it?

Nia  : I … this composition when you went out to Solo last night.

  1. Write                                         c. have written                           e. was written
  2. Wrote                                        d. had written

15. Andi: “  I took this picture yesterday”

Nia : What did Andi say?

Ani  : He said … .

  1. that he took this picture yesterday                       d. that he had taken that picture yesterday
  2. that he has taken this picture yesterday               e. that he had taken that picture the day before
  3. that he had taken this picture yesterday

16. Arif  : “Can you help me?”

Ria  : What did he say to me?

Lia  : He asked you … .

  1. If can you help me                                             d. If you could help him
  2. If you can help me                                             d. If you could help me
  3. If you could help her

17. Mr. John      : “ Don’t take my cake”

Mr. Bond     : What did he say?

Mr.Lie         : He ordered you … .

  1. to take my cake                           c. not to take my cake                e. not to take his cake
  2. to take his cake                           d. not to take your cake

18. Lia  : Did you meet Mr. Agus Wuryanto at school this morning?

Nia  : If I had gone to school this morning I would have met Mr. Wuryanto.

From Nia’s utterance we can conclude that…

  1. She went to school this morning                           d. She doesn’t go to school this morning
  2. She didn’t go to school this morning                      e. She will go to school today
  3. She goes to school this morning

19. Kelly            : I am very upset. Leo didn’t love me anymore

Meilan         : If I …  you, I would not be sad. I’ll find better than him

  1. Is                                             c. are                                        e. were
  2. Am                                           d. was

20. Budi            : Do you know Rina’s address ?

Santi           : I wish I Knew her address

From santi’s utterance we can conclude that …

  1. Santi knew Rina’s address                       d. Santi doesn’t know Rina’s address
  2. Santi knows Rina’s address                     e. Santi will tell Rina’s address
  3. Santi didn’t know Rina’s address

21. Budi : I am so sorry Lina. I could come to your wedding last week.

Lina : I wished you … .

  1. Came                                         c. has come                               e. had come
  2. Comes                                       d. had came

22. Via  : The old man walked as if he …  drunk.

Beni : Yes he was.

  1. Is                                              c. has been                                e. had been
  2. Was                                           d. have been

23. Lina             : I am sorry for coming late, Sir.

Mr. Theo      :never minds

The first speaker shows her…

  1. Pride                                          c. regret                                    e. thanks
  2. Complain                                    d. capability

24. Beni            : …….for dropping you glasses. I’ll buy you the new ones.

Ali               : It’s OK. It’s not your fault

  1. I am complain about                   c. I am apologized                      e. I am sure
  2. I am really satisfied                    d. I am fine

25.  Mr. Wu       : This soup is too salty. Who cooks it?

Mr. Zhe       : I am sorry, I’ll change it.

From the dialogue we can conclude that Mr, Wu expresses his…
a. satisfaction                                  c. like                                        e. complain

b. happiness                                    d. regret

  1. April 10, 2013 pukul 4:06 am

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